“Bread Rocks” Make a Fun Metamorphic Rock Science Experiment

Metamorphic Rock Experiment: Bread Rocks

Help Kids Learn how Metamorphic Rocks form from Sedimentary Rocks with this fun, edible experiment.

As sediments build up in layers over time, they may become compressed and turn into sedimentary rocks. A significant increase in pressure with low to moderate temperature increases may cause metamorphism to take place and turn the rock from sedimentary to metamorphic. This metamorphic rocks experiment lets kids create their own sedimentary rocks, expose them to high heat and pressure, and observe the changes. These fun “Bread Rocks” are made of edible materials from the grocery store so they are easy and fun to make.

To Make the Bread Rocks, You Will Need:

  • Bread (at least three slices – try to use different colors like white, wheat, and/or rye)
  • Mini Marshmallows
  • Mini Chocolate chips
  • White Chocolate chips
  • Butterscotch chips
  • Wax paper
  • Foil

How to Perform the Bread Rocks Experiment

Bread Rocks Experiment Steps

Step 1: Layer three or more bread slices with mini marshmallows, chocolate chips, white chocolate chips, and butterscotch chips in between each layer. You can create the sediment layers in any manner you choose. If you choose to make patterns on one or more of the layers it will help you to see changes in your “rock.” Sketch your rock on a sheet of paper so you remember the pattern and it is easy to compare and see the changes.

Step 2: Place the bread rock onto the waxed paper or foil and sit in a warm location such as outdoors on a hot day or on a stovetop. If you have access to a microwave, heat it for a few seconds on low power.

Observe:  Did the heat cause any changes in the bread rock? Did the marshmallows or chocolate chips begin to melt and change from their original state?

Step 3: Place a piece of waxed paper or foil on top of the bread rock and stand on the rock for one to three minutes to represent millions of years of pressure on the rock. Stand on the bread rock for one minute for each one million years of pressure.

Observe:  Did the pressure cause any changes in the bread rock? Did the marshmallows or chocolate chips change shape or pattern? Are the rocks layers easy or difficult to separate after the metamorphism?

This experiment is great for kids of any age. Beware! The kids may want to eat their metamorphic rocks (eew, gross!) so make sure you wrap the rocks well before the kids stand on them. This is one of the great experiments in our Rock Detectives Camp Guide. If you have any questions about this experiment, contact us and we will be happy to help.

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