Ask-a-Geologist #10: What Are The Remains Of Once-Living Organisms Found In Sedimentary Rocks?

Fossils are the remains or impressions of once living organisms that you can find in sedimentary rocks. There are two basic types of fossils that geologists and paleontologists talk about. These are body fossils and trace fossils. Body fossils are a real body part of an animal such as a dinosaur bone or a shark tooth. A trace fossil is something that shows evidence that something was there such as tracks, burrows, trails, molds, casts, and impressions.

The Travertine Hot Spring Terraces of Pamukkale, Turkey

Pamukkale, Turkey is home to one of the most beautiful and interesting geological setting in the world – the travertine hot spring terraces that cascade down the hillside toward the city below.

What Would You Do With A Limestone Rock?

Limestone is a fine-grained sedimentary rock that forms when calcium carbonate precipitates in a quiet ocean environment such as deep, calm water. You cannot see individual grains with the naked eye in a fine-grained rock. Limestone is often white, pink, red, gray or black. Fossils are common in limestone because the calm ocean allows the calcium carbonate to precipitate around a dead plant or animal part without significantly disturbing the specimen. There are many varieties of limestone.